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Ross-on-Wye

Mile Markers

Originally these started out as milestones (from the Latin milliarium) which were, as the name suggests, made of stone but more recently have been made of metal or concrete. Thus the signs are more generally now known as mile markers, although milestone is still often used, as a general term to cover the various types.

Mile markers were constructed to indicate distance to the destination and from the place of origin. They also served to reassure the traveller that the proper route was being followed (like a forerunner to SatNav).

A Brief History1

Milestones were originally made of stone, such as granite, marble or a suitable local stone, in the form of a standing stone or obelisk. They date back to when people first started making more regular journeys between towns and cities and they are a series of numbered markers placed along a road at regular intervals normally at at the side of the road. Milestones were widely used by road builders during the Roman Empire and were an important part of the Roman road network because the distance travelled per day may only have been a few miles.

The first Roman milestones are thought to have appeared on the Appian way and at the centre of Rome was the Golden Milestone, which is now lost, which was made of bronze and marked the symbolic centre of the Roman Empire.

Locations

The locations of the markers can be found from OS maps (most easily seen on the 1" maps).

Around Ross

There are a number of Mile Markers around Ross. Many of them were made by Perkins and Bellamy or by by Nichols Ross.

Perkins and Bellamy Mile Markers
Perkins and Bellamy makers mark
Nichols Mile Marker
Nichols makers mark

A49 Mile Markers

The A49 runs north-west from Ross (more precisely from Wilton) to Hereford and along the way there are several mile markers remaining.

Ross Turnpike Trust

The Ross Turnpike Trust controlled the road from Ross to Harewood End. The trust was responsible for the upkeep of the road and was responsible for the mile markers along that stretch of the road and so the markers are all of a similar design and are nearly always on the right hand side of the road when coming from Ross.

Bridstow Parish no. 1
Bridstow Parish mile marker
Bridstow (Bridstow Parish) Mile Marker
(Click for larger images)

This marker on the side of the A49 at Bridstow, which has unfortunately been defaced. It shows that it is in the Parish of Bridstow and 13 miles to Hereford and 1 mile to Ross.



Peterstow Parish no. 1
Bridstow Parish mile marker
Winters Cross (Peterstow Parish) Mile Marker
(Click for larger images)

This marker on the side of the A49 at the Red Lion, Winters Cross, is unfortunately buried in the verge. It shows that it is in the Parish of Peterstow and 11 miles to Hereford and 3 miles to Ross.

The other Peterstow mile marker which showed 2 miles to Ross, just on the Ross side of Peterstow, has so far not been found but it was there within living memory.



Hentland Parish no. 1

This marker on the side of the A49 at Pengethley shows that it is in the Parish of Hentland and 10 miles to Hereford and 4 miles to Ross.

Pengethley (Hentland Parish) mile marker
Pengethley (Hentland Parish) Mile Marker
(Click for larger images)


Hentland Parish no. 2
Harewood End (Hentland Parish) mile marker
Harewood End (Hentland Parish) Mile Marker
(Click for larger images)

This marker on the side of the A49 at Harewood End shows that it is in the Parish of Hentland and 9 miles to Hereford and 5 miles to Ross.



Hereford Turnpike Trust

The Hereford Trust was responsible for the road from Hereford to Harewood End at which point the Ross Trust took over responsibility for the road.

This marker on the side of the A49 at Potway would have shown that it is 6 Miles to Hereford. This is the bottom of a stone pillar and would have had a plate attached showing the distance but it is broken off where the plate would have been (possibly when the plate was removed).

6 Miles to Hereford Mile Stone (A49)
6 Miles to Hereford Mile Stone
(Click for larger images)

3 Miles to Hereford Mile Stone (A49)
3 Miles to Hereford Mile Stone
(Click for larger images)

This marker on the side of the A49 at Potway would have shown that it is 3 Miles to Hereford. This is the bottom of a stone pillar and would have had a plate attached showing the distance but it is broken off close to the ground.


This marker on the side of the A49 at Bullinghope shows that it is 2 Miles to Hereford. This is a stone pillar with a plate attached showing the distance. This is possibly a replacement plate.

2 Miles to Hereford Mile Stone (A49)
2 Miles to Hereford Mile Stone
(Click for larger images)

1 Mile to Hereford Mile Stone (A49)
1 Mile to Hereford Mile Stone
(Click for larger images)

This marker on the side of the A49 at Hereford shows that it is 1 Mile to Hereford. This is a stone pillar with a plate attached showing the distance. This is believed to be the original plate.


Missing Mile markers

These mile markers are noted as being missing and have been seen within living memory or are marked on maps.

Peterstow - 2 miles to Ross 12 miles to Hereford
Windmill Hill - 6 miles to Ross 8 miles to Hereford
These markers are shown as being present on 1" OS-maps but now seems to have vanished.

B4234 Mile Markers

The B4234 runs south out of Ross down the Wye Valley through Walford, Kerne Bridge and onwards to Lydbrook. Several markers are remaining along this route, some are easier to find than others.

Ross Parish
Ross Parish mile marker
Ross Parish Mile Marker
(Click for larger images)

This marker on the side of the Walford Road at Tudorville and shows that it is in the Parish of Ross and 5 miles to Lydbrook and 1 mile to Ross.



Walford Parish No. 1
2nd Walford Parish mile marker
The 2nd Walford Parish Mile Marker
(Click for larger images)

This marker is the first Walford Parish one out from Ross.

It show that it is 4 miles to Lydbrook and 2 miles to Ross. It is hidden in the hedge and difficult to find.


Walford Parish No. 2

This marker, that has unfortunately been knocked over, is on the side of the Ross Road at Kerne Bridge and shows that it is in the Parish of Walford. The markings show that it is 2 miles to Lydbrook and 4 miles to Ross.

Walford Parish mile marker
Walford Parish Mile Marker
(Click for larger images)



Missing mile markers

These mile markers are noted as being missing and have been seen within living memory.

Old Post Office at Bishopswood
There was one just past the old Post Office at Bishopswood near to the telephone box. Does anyone know where it is now?
Near The Smithy, Walford
This one has apparently been removed and is now in a garden. Does anyone know which garden or where it is?

A40 Mile Markers

The A40 runs to Monmouth, on through Pencraig and enters Ross from the south-west. It then exits south-east and goes through Weston-under-Penyard, Lea, Huntley and on past Gloucester.

Wilton - Bridstow Parish

This is the 2nd mile marker at Bridstow. This one is on the side of the A40 towards Monmouth and shows that it is in the Parish of Bridstow and 9 miles to Monmouth and 1 mile to Ross.

Interestingly, this is the only cast iron mile marker (examined so far) with the makers mark on the left side rather than the right.

Wilton (Bridstow Parish) mile marker
Wilton (Bridstow Parish) Mile Marker
(Click for larger images)


Weston Parish
Weston-under-Penyard (Weston Parish) mile marker
Weston-under-Penyard (Weston Parish) Mile Marker
(Click for larger images)

This marker on the side of the Gloucester Road, the A40, at Weston-under-Penyard. It shows that it is in the Parish of Weston and is 14 miles to Gloucester and 2 miles to Ross.

It was manufactured by Perkins and Bellamy, Ross.



This marker on the side of the Gloucester Road, the A40, at Ryeford and has been badly damaged. It showed that it is in the Parish of Weston and showed that it was 13 miles to Gloucester and shows that it is 3 miles to Ross.

It was manufactured by Perkins and Bellamy, Ross.

Ryeford (Weston Parish) mile marker
Ryeford (Weston Parish) Mile Marker
(Click for larger images)


Lea Parish
Lea (Lea Parish) mile marker
Lea (Lea Parish) Mile Marker
(Click for larger images)

This marker on the side of the A40, at Lea. It shows that it is in the Parish of Lea and is 12 miles to Gloucester and 4 miles to Ross.

It was manufactured by Perkins and Bellamy, Ross.



Lea Line (Lea Parish) mile marker
Lea Line (Lea Parish) Mile Marker
(Click for larger images)

This marker on the side of the A40, at Lea Line. It shows that it is in the Parish of Lea and is 11 miles to Gloucester and 5 miles to Ross.

It was manufactured by Nichols Ross.

Nichols Mile Marker


Box Bush

This stone mile marker is at Box Bush and shows that it is 10 miles to Gloster [Gloucester] and 6 miles to Ross.

A stud, which forms part of the datum mark on the top, has been driven into the marker and this has caused it to crack. Someone has done a repair on it which has stopped pieces from being lost but it looks like some more work is needed to reduce the likelihood of it breaking up further.

Box Bush mile marker - 10 miles to Gloucester and 6 miles to Ross
Box Bush mile marker
(Click for larger images)
Box Bush mile marker - top view
Top view of the mile marker
(Click for larger images)

Huntley

This stone mile marker is at Huntley on the side of the A40. It states that it is 7 miles to Gloster [Gloucester] and 9 miles to Ross.

Huntley Mile Marker
Huntley Mile Marker
(Click for a larger image)
The front of Huntley Mile Marker
The front of Huntley Mile Marker
(Click for a larger image)

Birdwood

This stone mile marker is between Birdwood and Churcham on the side of the A40. It states that it is 5 miles to Gloster [Gloucester] and 11 miles to Ross.

Birdwood Mile Marker
Birdwood Mile Marker
(Click for a larger image)

On the right hand side of the mile marker is what looks like a datum line. There is a line with an arrow point up to it from below (see photo below).

Birdwood Mile Marker with datum line
Birdwood Mile Marker datum line
(Click for a larger image)

Churcham

This stone mile marker is at Churcham on the side of the A40. It states that it is 4 miles to Gloster [Gloucester] and 12 miles to Ross.

Churcham Mile Marker
Huntley Mile Marker
(Click for a larger image)
The front of Churcham Mile Marker
The front of Churcham Mile Marker
(Click for a larger image)

Beauchamp

This stone mile marker is near to Beauchamp House on the side of the A40. It states that it is 3 miles to Gloster [Gloucester] and 13 miles to Ross.

Beauchamp Mile Marker
Beauchamp Mile Marker
(Click for a larger image)
The front of beauchamp Mile Marker
The front of Beauchamp Mile Marker
(Click for a larger image)

The top of beauchamp Mile Marker
The datum on Beauchamp Mile Marker
(Click for a larger image)

Missing Mile markers

These mile markers are noted as being missing and have been seen within living memory or are marked on maps.

Hildersley
The marker at Hildersley (probably a Perkins and Bellamy) is marked on the 1" maps but now seems to have vanished.

A449 Mile Markers

These mile markers are on the A449 which runs between Ross and Ledbury.

Ledbury Mile Marker
Ledbury Mile Marker
(Click for a larger image)

This mile marker is on the A449 between Ross-on-Wye and Ledbury and states that it is 4 miles to Ross and 8 miles to Ledbury and in the parish of Upton Bishop.


Ledbury Mile Marker left
Ledbury Mile Marker left
(Click for a larger image)
Ledbury Mile Marker right
Ledbury Mile Marker right
(Click for a larger image)

The marker is in a poor condition but the makers mark can be made out as Perkins and Bellamy Ross.

Ledbury Mile Marker manufacturer
Ledbury Mile Marker manufacturer's mark
(Click for a larger image)

In the Area

Crow Hill

This is a mile marker just south of Crow Hill which has had its face removed. It would have originally had a metal face bolted onto it denoting the distances.

It has a distinctive mark on it of a line with a V shape above it which is a datum mark which was used when surveying as it was a reference point at a known height.

Datum Marker south of Crow Hill
Datum Marker south of Crow Hill
(Click for a larger image)

Eastbach Mile Marker
Eastbach mile marker
Eastbach mile marker
(Click for a larger image)

This mile marker is at Eastbach (on the edge of the Forest of Dean) and it states that it is 17 miles to Gloster [Gloucester] and 122 miles to London. Below that is a datum line/marker.


Redmarley Parish
Redmarley mile marker
Redmarley mile marker
(Click for a larger image)

This mile marker is near to Redmarley and it states that it is 9 miles to Gloucester and 7 miles to Ledbury.

On it is stated that it is in the County of Worcester and it is dated 1898. It was manufactured by M & W Grazebrook who were Iron Founders in Dudley.


Redmarley mile marker left
Redmarley mile marker left
(Click for a larger image)
Redmarley mile marker right
Redmarley mile marker right
(Click for a larger image)

Missing markers

After some searching, the following is a list of misc. markers that seem to have gone missing relatively recently.

  • Marker north of Fidlers Cross



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1 Milestone - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milestone - 29th March 2008


[Page updated: Feb 15 2011 13:31:59]






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